The manufacturing sector is one of the important pillars of economic development in developing countries (including Arab ones), and the issue of defining the concept of the manufacturing industry is one of the priorities for research in it because it paves the way for understanding the importance of these industries in achieving sustainable development. It has received increasing attention from regional and international economic organizations, research groups and study centers for its effective role in achieving sustainable growth, social justice and environmental protection. Therefore, many countries began seeking to develop development plans and programs in order to improve human development. In this research, the reality of the manufacturing industry sector in Iraq and its importance in achieving sustainable development was studied, as the research problem indicates the decline of the industrial sector and manufacturing industries due to the exposure of this sector to great damages, and these industries began to decline in the quantities of production and the lack of necessary funds, and the research reached results The most important of which is to support small industries and crafts with less difficult guarantee conditions and with great and encouraging benefits. Investment funds must be established. These funds can be financed by the government, banks, charitable institutions and social security institutions. Work to educate young people about the importance of self-employment, pay attention to technical education and link education outputs to the industrial sector. And work to implement laws and legislation. Which support the industrial sector in Iraq, and which pertain to workers and protect their rights, so the research recommends the need to pay attention to the strengths and weaknesses of industrial projects, and work to address the problems and obstacles facing the manufacturing sector in Iraq, and improve the productivity of products in proportion to the standards of product quality.