Keywords : Economic Growth

Measuring the Relationship between the Exchange Rate and the Volume of Foreign Exchange in Iraq for the Duration (1990-2018)

Ali Khairallah Nasser Hussein; Prof. Rahman Hassan Ali Al-Musawi

Alkut university college journal, 2021, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 81-97

This study aims to know the volatility and impact of exchange rates and trade balance on the Iraqi economy by affecting the volume of foreign trade as well as the flow of capital between the external and domestic economies and on foreign investment, so we note the importance of the exchange rate in influencing the domestic and external balance.Therefore, our study proceeds from the fact that there is a two-way correlation: the first is moving from the exchange rate to the Iraqi trade balance, and the second is moving from the trade balance to the exchange rate in the parallel market, and through this study shows that there is a relationship of complementarity between the exchange rate and the Iraqi trade balance.The study concluded with a series of conclusions and recommendations that were derived from the theoretical and quantitative aspects of research, which may help to enhance economic stability through exchange rate balance and trade balance. With regard to the conclusions، the most important conclusion is that there is a reciprocal relationship between the exchange rate and the trade balance, i.e. all the commercial and financial transactions contained in the balance of payments represent the demand for foreign currency and all commercial and financial transactions contained in the balance of payments represent the supply of foreign currencies, the devaluation of the local currency will raise the prices of imports, the demand for them will decrease domestically, and this action will reduce the prices of exports in foreign currencies and thus increase the demand for them externally, and thus improve the balance of the balance, thus improving the balance of demand commercial state.

Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of Net Exports on Economic Growth in Iraq: A study for the Period of 2000-2018

Sami Awad; Ahmed Abdulrazaq Abdulrudha; Rasha Kahled

Alkut university college journal, 2020, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 100-108

Abstract: The research aims to estimate the impact of exports on the economic growth of Iraq, as previous studies are still controversial about the relationship between export performance and economic growth, especially in the analysis of time series, so this study used time series data for the period 2000-2018 to estimate the relationship . ARDL estimate is used To diagnose this relationship, the data series were chosen on the basis of data availability as the results of the investigation showed a positive long-term relationship between economic growth and export performance, this research confirms the use of the necessary measures to increase the export of products with added value to the Iraqi economy.